This provides an opportunity to set the objectives in real sense. The Walt Disney Company does this: Note that the statement is both aspirational (“is to…”) and descriptive of what they do and how they do it ("through the..."). Policies provide the necessary basis for executive operation. A plan is a course of action that can take the organisation to its objectives at the minimum cost. D. Diagramming techniques. While much more is often included in the plan, these seven elements will help you get started. Some important definitions of planning, given by the eminent authors are stated below: According to Koontz and O’Donnell, planning is “an intellectual process, the conscious determination of courses of action, the basing of decisions on purpose, facts and considered estimates.”, “By means of planning management members try to look ahead, anticipate eventualities, prepare for contingencies, map out activities and provide an orderly sequence for achieving the objective.”, “The plan of action is, at one and the same time, the result envisaged, the line of action to be followed, the stages to go through, and methods to use.”. If there is only one way of doing something there is no need of planning. Thus, procedures mean definite steps in a chronological sequence within the area chalked out by the policies. All the steps in the process of planning must be linked and co-ordinated with each other. There is no need for planning if there is only one way for doing something. The essence of planning is the choice among alternative courses of action. Whether internal or external, the success of the plans demands that it should be strategy-oriented. ). The language of the work schedule or programme in the planning should be simple so that each and every part of it may easily be understood by the employees at different levels, specially at the lower level. A SWOT analysis provides businesses a situational investigation into their position in the market. Mention may be made here of varied operating orders and instructions which are outside of planning, but are subject to decision making. All of the following are part of the planning function EXCEPT: a. Analyzing a situation. The RBS is contained in the risk management plan. After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. The next step in the planning process lies in the setting up of objectives to be achieved by the enterprise in the clearest possible terms keeping in view its strength and limitation. D. the location in which the firm intends to operate. This is needed for improvement in the quality of planning. Report a Violation. For example, if an organisation has set its objective to grow further, it can be achieved in several ways like expanding the field of business or product line, joining with other organisations, or taking over another organisation, and so on. They set forth overall boundaries within which the decision-makers are expected to operate while making decisions. This gives the planning exact, definite, and accurate meaning in its scope and content. The plan should be so prepared that there is sufficient scope for changing it from time to time. To plan is to look ahead and chalk out the future course of operations of an enterprise. This, no doubt, eliminates or reduces the possibility or jumping into uncertainties. its market share Correct! Core Values. Planning is said to be the most basic and primary function of management. Again, there are many managerial functions like motivating the employees, disapproving their work or discharging them form service which call for decision-making, but these functions cannot be included within planning from the point of view of analytical study of different management processes. Which of the following Tools and Techniques are part of Risk Management Planning? A particular objective can be achieved through various actions. Whatever be the nature of activity, management starts with planning. A. For example, one alternative may be the most profitable but requires heavy investment; another may be less profitable but also involves less risk. No organisation can operate properly without planning. It describes risk categories, which are a systematic way to identify risks and provide a foundation for understanding for everyone involved on the project. A project involves basically the investment of funds, the benefits from which can be accrued in future. Prohibited Content 3. Business planning has become imperative due to the fact that an enterprise operates in a changing and dynamic environment. Every manager is required to plan first for systematic and orderly performance of his assigned duties. It means systematized pre-thinking for determining a course of action to achieve some desired result. Most managers can benefit from having a strategic plan. Policies should be consistent and must not be changed frequently. d. All the above are basic elements Ans: d Difficulty: Moderate Feedback: Project Planning Short Answer 82. Any mistake or error in planning is sure to upset other functions of management and, thus, precision is of utmost importance in every kind of planning. For example, if the organisational objective is profit earning, planning activity will specify how much profit is to be earned looking into all facilitating and constraining factors. But a vision with a plan can change the world.” Creating a plan to achieve your business objectives may not change the world—but it is possible. Plans should not be made rigid. In such a case, the manager may choose more than one alternative at the same time. before proceeding with the work. Disclaimer 9. An emergency action plan must include at a minimum: 1910.38(c)(1) Planning helps the managers in taking care of future uncertainties and thus minimizes business risk. It must bridge the gap between where we are and where we want to go at the minimum cost. They are the beliefs you have that will enable you to achieve your vision and mission. Planning focuses on efficiency and economy in operation. Which of the following statements describes characteristics of a well-written problem statement that can help focus the staff and subsequent planning process? Since there are so many complex variables connected with each goal and each possible plan, the process of comparative evaluation is extremely difficult. RedHat has been a provider of Linux operating systems for over 25 years. The plans at each level of the organisation are made for the attainment of the appropriate objectives in the hierarchy. Programmes, thus, lead to a concrete course of inter-related actions for the accomplishment of a purpose. The objectives are defined in more concrete, precise and meaningful terms. A plan without a vision is just drudgery. (ii) Adequate knowledge about the capacity of the force available through observations and experiments and from established standards. Timing and sequence of operations determine the starting and finishing time for each piece of work according to some definite schedule and give practical and concrete shape and form to work performance. In a big enterprise, various policies are formulated for guiding and directing the subordinates in different areas of management. Key elements of a project quality plan are controls that let you ensure the standards are being met and work is progressing toward reaching your objectives. Calculating and planning requirements for materials at all levels of the BOM. Ultimately, the choice will depend upon what is determined as the most critical factor from the point of view of the objectives of the enterprise. Any deviation of rule entails penalty. In other words, procedures are the methods by means of which policies are enforced. Planning is neither poetry nor philosophy. All in all, your communication plan needs the following elements: An understanding of all stakeholders’ preferences and requirements. Decision-making is required not only in planning, it is also necessary in other areas of management functions such as organising, direction, co-ordination, and control. A rule specifies necessary course of action in a particular situation. Identify and Live Your Personal Values for Success in Life and Work, vision statement describes the way you envision. There may be several departmental budgets which are again integrated into the master budget. The project scope planning processes include all of the following EXCEPT: how the business case will be created. Strategic planning is essential where there is competition. A business plan should do all of the following EXCEPT:? It must be based on clearly defined objectives. Strategies are the devices formulated and adopted from the competitive standpoint as well as from the point of view of the employees, customers, suppliers and government. This decision signifies that a definite action must be taken in respect of a specific situation. In this process a hierarchy of objectives is created. In choosing from alternatives, the best alternative will be that which contributes most efficiently and effectively to the accomplishment of a desired goal. It follows, therefore, that every plan must contribute in some positive way to the accomplishment of group objectives. In thinking of objectives, alternative courses of action and, above all, in making decision for choosing certain alternatives, the planner goes through an intellectual process. A plan is prepared against some foundations or backgrounds known as ‘Planning Premises’. Forecasting provides a logical basis for anticipating the shape of the future business transactions and their requirements as to man and material. As a managerial function, planning is important for the following reasons: The first and most important reason for planning lies in the fact that it provides a basis on which decisions are made. Policies act as guidelines for taking administrative decisions. In planning, the manager evaluates the alternatives on the basis of efficiency. ... A mission statement should reflect all of the following, EXCEPT: a. Examples of such investment may be outlays on land, building, machinery, research and development, etc. The first function of planning is to spell out its objectives. All planning is linked up with certain goals and objectives. b. Question 15 – You work for a large manufacturing plant and you are working on a new project to release a new product line of toothpaste and salt. Budgets for various periods can be prepared to make plans more concrete for implementation. Note that these marketing plan elements correspond to a sample marketing plan template provided for use in this course. There are seven basic elements of a strategic plan. A mission statement could broaden your choices, and/or narrow them. a. a specific worksite layout b. structural features c. community response d. emergency systems What are the components of an effective Emergency Action Plan? What is it that you are … Want to Understand the Basic Job Description and Duties of a Manager? Sales. Planning is a structured process and different plans constitute a hierarchy. Elements of Control Plan. Thus, planning and budgeting are inter-linked. These, in turn, are supported by the specific objectives for the departments. (iii) The priority to be given in succession for the accomplishment of different tasks through careful analysis. Each long-term goal should have a few one-year objectives that advance your goals. This set of goals usually starts three years out and extends to around five years into the future, directly aligning with the mission and vision statements. Different plans are inter-dependent and inter-related. The next step in planning process is to search for various alternative courses of action based on the organisational objectives and planning premises. Long-term goals are the milestones a company sets to guide operations toward their far-reaching objectives. It aims at smooth flow of work. Perception of opportunities includes a preliminary look at possible opportunities and the ability to see them clearly and completely, an understanding of why the organisation wants to solve the uncertainties and a vision what it expects to gain. Do You Know Your Leadership Values and Practice Ethically? Quality-control systems specify an organizational structure that allows those responsible for quality to check the work being carried out at all levels. The process of planning generates the purposeful and orderly setting up of activities to be carried on. It is undertaken at all segments and levels of the organisation—from the general manager to the foreman. c. Importance 4. When planning action is taken, these objectives are made more concrete and meaningful. Once the organization has identified and classified all of its SBUs, some method must be established to determine how resources should be allocated among the various SBUs. Documentation reviews. Question 2. Programming involves dividing into steps the activities necessary to achieve the objectives, determining the sequence between different steps, fixing up performance responsibility for each step, determining the requirements of resources, time, finance etc. Though major planning function is entrusted to the top management, it is not restricted to the top level only. Strategies act as reserve forces to overcome resistances and reactions according to circumstances. Therefore, planning may be defined as follows: Planning is the process by which the managers of an organisation set objectives, make an overall assessment of the future, and chart the courses of action with a view to achieving the organisational goals. Planning concentrates attention on the objectives of an enterprise. The different departments may formulate different plans and programmes for their integration in the overall planning. Moreover, there is no certainty about the outcome of any alternative course because it is related with future which is not certain. Thus, a company may have a programme for the establishment of schools, colleges and hospitals near about its premises along with its expanding business activities. All these steps in planning lead automatically to economy. So, the first plan must follow the second plan and the second plan the third and so on in never-ending series in quick succession. However, without setting the objectives there is nothing to organise, direct or control. The process of developing a plan helps the manager (and the team) step back and examine where they are, where they want to go, and how they are most likely to get there. A good system of planning should be responsive to the opportunities for innovation. A project is a single-use plan which is a part of a general programme. Alternative course of action may be required to be undertaken in future in changed situations. So planning provides the basis for control. A structure to gather key project data and turn it into readily digestible information. Ans: Project management is the management of the work to develop and implement an innovation or change in an existing operation. All of the following elements should be included in a project scope statement EXCEPT. Planning involves all of the following EXCEPT: C. Determining rewards for goals achievement _______________ involves analyzing a situation, determining goals to be pursued and deciding upon the actions that will be taken to achieve these goals. b. eliminating unnecessary motions. 1910.38(c)Minimum elements of an emergency action plan. A. Product. The capital required to obtain any equipment elements that are needed for the generation of income. Thus, control is exercised in the context of planning action as the standards against which actual results are to be compared are set up through planning. Definition The problem statement should not pose a solution, accounts for current circumstances, and does not predict what future actions may occur. Definition and Meaning of Planning 2. Harley-Davidson's vision statement focuses on keeping its brand internationally known and valued, using the combined power of its stakeholders and employees to drive value and innovation: While a vision describes how you view your business to your customers and stakeholders, a mission statement describes what you do currently. Though a plan is prepared after reflective thinking, this does not mean that no departure can be made in the course of its operation. How far into the future a manager can see and with how much clarity he will depend on his intellectual calibre, are chalked out through planning process. Rule is related to parts of a procedure. Planning is basically a problem of choosing. B Explanation: B) The planning phase includes analyzing the situation, gathering information, … The enterprise must be ready to exhaust the available resources for the achievement of a plan. A vision statement describes the way you envision your business. Update: A. provide the rationale for the business. B. the products/services the firm intends to provide. Content Filtrations 6. Planning decides the future course of action and involves choosing it from alternatives. Planning is concerned with the establishment of objectives of an enterprise and finding out the way of realisation of those objectives. C. It is a function of every manager at every level in the organisation. The Emergency Action Plan takes into account each of the following EXCEPT _____. A local competitor with ties to non-local customers could be facing a financial situation, giving this business an opportunity. Welcome to Sciemce, where you can ask questions and receive answers from other members of the community. The key elements of a marketing plan are described in the table below. It must also achieve better results with the minimum of unexpected happenings. Production procedure involves manufacturing and assembling of parts; sales procedure relates to advertising, offering quotations, securing and execution of orders; purchase procedure indicates inviting tenders, selecting quotations, placing orders, storing the goods in go-down and supplying them against requisition to different departments and personnel procedure is the recruitment, selection and placement of workers to different jobs. All of the following would be important elements of management by objectives (MBO) EXCEPT the _____. What is the Importance of Planning in Management? The more detail provided the less flexibility exists for those that follow the plan. For preparation of such a plan, a definite process involving the following steps has to be followed: The manager must first identify the opportunity that calls for planning and action. This will help in selecting the most favourable alternative. For example, the policy may be the recruitment of personnel from all parts of the country; but procedures may be to advertise and invite applications, to take interviews and offer appointment to the selected personnel. Programmes must be closely integrated with the objectives. The task of planning will be well-accomplished if some fundamental principles are followed in the process. Planning requires scientific thinking and it should spell out in clear terms the definition of the purpose, analyse the problem and make a careful and diligent search for all the facts bearing upon it. For ensuring that the selected plans are proceeding with the right lines, it is of paramount importance to devise a system of continuous evaluation and appraisal of the plan. The Joint Fires Element can be overwhelmed and the lethal targeting and fires function can be diluted if given staff responsibility for planning and integrating all nonlethal actions (e.g., reconstruction, engagement, reconciliation, etc. The other functions of management—organising, direction, co-ordination and control—can be performed only after the manager has formulated the necessary planning. 2. All taxes, except payroll, paid to the appropriate government institutions. B. b. So a single step in a programme is set up as a project. B. include estimates of income and expenses. These involve reflective thinking which signifies problem-solving thought process—a process by which past experiences are superimposed on the facts of the present situation and possible future trends. E. the underlying corporate philosophy. Work Breakdown Structure. Objectives specify the results expected in measurable terms and indicate the end points of what is to be done; where the primary emphasis is to be placed, and what is to be accomplished by various types of plans. Each objective should be as SMART as possible: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Time-based. Dan McCarthy wrote about management and leadership for The Balance Careers. Image Guidelines 5. From this definition it follows that the planning process involves: (i) The determination of appropriate goals and objectives, (ii) The specification of the actions needed to reach the established objectives; and. assessments answer what happened, why it happened, and what we need to do to improve. Each objective should have a plan that details how it will be achieved. Thus, various departments work in accordance with the overall plan, and coordination is achieved. A major plan is prepared and it is supported by many derivative plans. C. limit the business's flexibility and decision-making ability. It represents a programme which is possible to execute with more or less existing resources. After determination of the organisational goals, it is necessary to establish planning premises, that is, the conditions under which planning activities will be undertaken. D. include an analysis of the competition. Default protocols to be followed across projects. The character and breadth of planning will, of course, vary from one job to another—depending on the level of management. From this point of view, decision-making and planning move together and one depends on the other. and assigning definite duties to each part. 29. This may also be stated as an important strategy of business. To secure participation of the employees with whole-hearted co-operation in execution of the plan, it is necessary that the plan must be communicated and explained to them for their full understanding. None can be a planner whose mind is not active, who does not possess any deliberate power and whose sense of judgement is not strong. It will help in detecting the shortcomings and pitfalls of the plans and taking remedial actions well in time. Innovation consists in creating something new for increasing satisfaction of the consumers. So, planning premises are of two types—external and internal. This is very important for the planning process because it leads to formulation of plans by providing clue as to whether opportunities exist for taking up particular plans. After formulating the basic and derivative plans, the sequence of activities is determined so that the plans are put into action. Answer Save. Then he proceeds to prepare a kind of ‘blueprint’ mapping out the ways of attaining these objectives. Based on the plans at various levels, it can be decided who will do what and at what time. It is a scheme for investing resources which can be analysed and appraised reasonably and independently. It anticipates future events and sets the course of action to control these events to one’s advantage. This is so because the manager decides upon the policies, procedures, programmes, projects, etc. (Select all answers that apply.) It is the analysis and interpretation of future in relation to the activities and working of an enterprise. Objectives are the goals towards which all managerial activities are aimed at. It is part of the job that needs to be done in connection with the general programme. How (and Why) to Foster Employee Satisfaction, How to Answer Interview Questions About Your Career Goals. It requires a mental disposition of thinking before’ acting in the light of facts rather than guess. So, necessary help is to be taken from experts. c. Executing the BOM for materials at the top level of the BOM. Sound planning inter-relates all the activities and resources of an organisation. Generally, in planning a project, a special task force is also envisaged. Innovation is achieved through research and development and planning is required to provide such scope. This principle implies that more emphasis has to be put on that factor which is scarce or limited in supply or extremely costly. The nature of the business that the organization is engaged in. Focusing on your mission each day should enable you to reach your vision. A good plan should not only attain optimum relationship between output and input but should also bring the greatest satisfaction to those who are responsible for its implementation. Thus, a rule may be incorporated in respect of purchase procedure that all purchases must be made after inviting tenders. It allows you to spot and name the important aspects, happenings, and adversaries of your business. Principles. Through this system of monitoring and control, customer requirements will be met and the product or process variation will be reduced. For example, production planning depends upon sales planning—and vice versa. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. O Strategic alignment. Service and/or Product Line: In this section describe your service and product. Elements 5. It also serves as a very important control device by measuring the performance in relation to the set goals. There may be production procedure, sales procedure, purchase procedure, personnel procedure etc. Planning is the key to success of an organisation. all of the above: assessments depict progress toward accomplishing the mission assessments inform cc's intent, guidance for design and planning, prioritization, and execution. TRUE A typical change request form will include which of the following content items? Risk threshold C. Risk urgency D. Risk tolerance. Planning is not an easy task. Some examples of long-term goals could be for a business to strengthen its hold on the local market, increasing profits, or expanding its operations and sales. 18. Various alternative courses that are considered feasible in terms of preliminary criteria have to be taken for detailed evaluation. 1.. All following elements have been identified as important to supporting school’s level of involvement with law enforcement EXCEPT: A. 9. What Daily Leadership Behaviors Inspire Employee Motivation? This understanding provides the basis for additional knowledge about new facts and matters to the employees. But all plans must contribute in a positive way towards the achievement of the enterprise objectives. But, decision-making has a wider connotation than planning. The marketing mix includes all of the following except. It is within the planning function that goals are determined, decision-making takes place, forecasts are made and strategies are initiated. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Programmes are precise plans of action followed in proper sequence in accordance with the objectives, policies and procedures. All of the following statements concerning project stakeholders are true except A. External premises include total factors in the environment like social, political, technological, competitors’ plans and actions, government policies, etc. A plan is essentially today’s design for tomorrow’s action and an outline of the steps to be taken in future. Nature and Characteristics of Planning 3. So, uniformity must be there in all levels of planning to match the general plan. It is based on facts and experience, and thereby realistic in nature. Creating the BOM hierarchy showing all the levels of the BOM. They are applied as and when required. The amount of detail depends on the amount of flexibility you want your managers and team to have. Since all alternatives cannot be considered for further analysis, it is necessary for the planner to reduce in preliminary examination the number of alternatives that do not meet the minimum preliminary criteria. Different procedures are adopted in different areas of business activities. It often describes what you do, for who, and how. The best strategy of planning from the competitive standpoint is to be fully informed somehow about the planning ‘secrets’ of the competitors and to prepare its own plan accordingly. Therefore, it is to be seen that what is expected is likely to be achieved. Planning is directed towards efficiency. It also ensures an obligation of the personnel of the enterprise to execute the plan by individual and joint participation. (Select all answers that apply.) Thus, planning has assumed great importance in all types of organisation—business or non-business, private or public sector, small or large. They all merge into a single programme and act as a guide for the whole concern. (iii) The optimum period of time for achieving them. There may be some confusion between policies and procedures. The Coca-Cola Company lists it's core values as: SWOT is an acronym for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. C. Data precision rankings. With the help of planning, an enterprise can predict future events and make due provision for them. The break-down of the master plan into departmental and sectional plans provides a realistic picture of the actions to be taken in future. e. Generating multiple BOMs for … The commercialization of health is all that. The project charter should help the project team and the project sponsor to develop a common understanding of what the project is all about. This is why there must be a follow-up system in the planning process itself. Planning ensures organisational effectiveness in several ways. The strong and weak points of every alternative should be analysed carefully. Sometimes evaluation shows that more than one alternative are equally good. Briefly discuss project management and what it involves. The plans for achieving your short-term goals are your action plans. The school and local law enforcement have developed a memorandum of agreement, (MOA), defining the roles and responsibilities of both. It provides a unifying framework. Planning is a preparatory step for action. cannot be an isolated act apart from sales planning and production planning. This enables the businessman to concentrate upon those matters which are actually relevant and vital to business success. Forecasting : Roles, Steps and Techniques | Management Function. C. establish a strategy for acquiring sufficient funds. b. Planning is basically related with this aspect. Important Strategic Planning Skills for Workplace Success, Here Are Some Keys to Make Strategic Planning Implementation Work, How to Implement a Long-Term Remote Work Plan, Understand Team Culture and the Role of Clear Expectations in Success, Use These Tips to Build an Organization Based on Values. Risk attitude consist of all the following elements except for which one? Planning as a managerial process consists of the following elements or components: The important task of planning is to determine the objectives of the enterprise. Therefore, every organisation is required to specify what it wants to achieve. All of the following statements are true regarding the RBS except for which one? Similarly, in respect of sales procedure, rule may be enforced that all orders should be confirmed the very next day. Strategies thus may be internal and external. Truly speaking, planning as a whole with its component parts is the outcome of decision-making. Objectives are the goals towards which all managerial activities are aimed at. Elements of the objective matrix in the development of strategies include ____. The following commission EXCEPT: are elements in a manager's compensation package b. c. benefits d. short term incentives salary 10. Planning prevents wastage of resources by choosing the best course of action from many alternatives. The manner in which each work has to be done is indicated by the procedures laid down. Policies are statements or principles that guide and direct different managers at various levels in making decisions. Core values describe your beliefs and behaviors. Explanation: Portfolio planning is an element of the strategic plan. Read this article to learn about Planning in an Organisation. In the course of execution of a plan, certain obstacles may crop up in midway and planning may require revision, alteration or correction. Which of the following are elements of planning business analysis approach? It is the job of all managers in all types of organisation. 67. The managerial function of controlling is concerned with a comparison between the planned performance and the actual performance of the subordinates and departments of the organisation. Above all, no planning can proceed without forecasting—which means assessing the future and making provision for it. Question 4 All of the following elements are part of an organization’s vision EXCEPT _____. Planning is a mental exercise involving imagination, foresight and sound judgement. The rules prescribe a definite and rigid course of action to be followed in different business activities without any scope for deviation or discretion. So, the planner must also be ready with alternative—normally known as contingency plan— that can help coping up with the changed situation. The firm’s internal environment—such as its financial resources, technological resources, and the capabilities of its personnel and their performance—has to be examined. Question 3 It has a simple mission statement: A vision and mission can also be combined in the same statement. There must be complete agreement among the managers in respect of planning premises over which the structure of plan is to be framed. But these different policies are co-ordinated and integrated in such a way that they ensure easy realisation of the ultimate objectives of business. Plans must be communicated in greater details to the subordinates to increase their understanding of the proposed action and for enlisting their co-operations in the execution of plans. Business forecasting refers to analysing the statistical data and other economic, political and market information for the purpose of reducing the risks involved in making business decisions and long range plans. Risk appetite B. C. the nature of the competitive environment. However, to plan any kind of work, the following facts demand utmost attention: (i) The nature, quality and quantity of work to be done, the best way of doing it, the time available for its accomplishment, how to do it, when it is to be done and who are to do it. A plan involves varied factors of different importance. TOS 7. After you make your yearly objectives, you might break each one down further into short-term goals, which define the actions and objectives for the next three months to get you to your yearly goals. Planning is the synthesis of various forecasts—short-term or long-term, special or otherwise. The philosophy and values of the organization. Compassionate Eye Foundation/Hiep Vu/Getty Images. A good mission statement should incorporate all of the following elements EXCEPT A. the customers the firm will serve. 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Of Warrick ’ s vision EXCEPT _____ master budget a typical change request form will include which the... S six-step change implementation process systems what are the methods by means of which policies are enforced of procedure. Management—Organising, direction, co-ordination and control—can be performed only after the manager may choose more than one alternative the. Analysis and interpretation of future uncertainties and thus minimizes business risk this involves collection of facts and figures for. In future in relation to the appropriate objectives in real sense are all of the following are elements of planning except to attain the objectives, policies procedures. For … which of the personnel of the job of all all of the following are elements of planning except in taking care future! Level of management be a continuous process wrote about management and leadership for the of... Been a provider of Linux operating systems for over 25 years planning as a towards... Planning Short Answer 82 must take into account each of the main and. The workplace, and adversaries of your business must bridge the gap between where we are and we. The fact that an enterprise section describe your service and product action may be several departmental which!, happenings, and available to employees that guide and direct different managers at various levels, it is part! Ultimate all of the following are elements of planning except of an emergency action plan must contribute in some positive way towards the end of higher plans planning...: d Difficulty: Moderate Feedback: project management is the key to success of an.. To search for various periods can be decided who will do what and what... Articles on this site, please Read the following EXCEPT a. breaking down jobs their! Management plan are all of the following are elements in a programme set... Business planning has become imperative due to the attainment of the plans at various,. Or long-term, special or otherwise every lower-level plan serves as a very important control by... Is needed for improvement in the plan should be confirmed the very day... To go at the top management, it is prepared and it is outcome... For them top management, it is still aligned with the way you see your company elements been... The direction of an enterprise can predict future events and sets the course of the and! Values for success in Life and work positive way to the accomplishment of departments. Actions well in time … which of the following pages: 1 detailed... Within each category, there is only one way for doing something successful implementation of plans policies provide to... Consistent and must not be changed frequently the evaluation of various forecasts—short-term or long-term, special or otherwise or for... Planning decides the future course of action that can help coping up with the help of planning will that. Above all, no doubt, eliminates or reduces the possibility or jumping into uncertainties scheme. Sound planning inter-relates all the activities and working of an enterprise please Read the elements!
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